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Shoshone, Native American tribe of the Uto-Aztecan language family and of the Plains culture area. The tribe formerly lived in the mountainous lands of western Wyoming and Montana, central and southern Idaho, and parts of Utah, Nevada, and Oregon. In common with their neighbors, the Bannock and the Paiute, the Shoshone are often popularly designated the Snake tribe. Many of the Shoshone live on reservations in Idaho, Wyoming, and Nevada. In 1990, 9215 people claimed Shoshone ancestry