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Ute, Native North American tribe of the Uto-Aztecan language
family of the California-Intermountain culture area. The Ute were spread through central and
western Colorado, eastern Utah, and northwestern New Mexico.
The tribe was subdivided into bands, of which the principal were
the Tabequache, Muache, Capote, Wiminuche, Yampa, and
Uinta. They lived entirely by hunting and on wild fruits and
roots. Trading with the Navajo and Paiute, they obtained
blankets and baskets. From the Mexicans and by raids on other
tribes, they were able to procure herds of horses, sheep, and
cattle. Their usual type of dwelling was a brush shelter, later
supplanted by a small tepee.

The Ute made their first treaty with the United States
government in 1850, and by subsequent treaties were limited in
range until all bands, except the southern Ute, were removed to
the present reservation in Utah. In 1902, claiming that they
could not live on their reserve, the southern Ute moved up to
the headwaters of the South Fork of the Platte River. They
were subsequently moved by the government to Fort Mead,
South Dakota, and within a year returned voluntarily to their

Visits since Jan. 25th of '99